is common amongst divers as deeper in ocean so the pressure as the weight also increases due to gravity as renewable energy that always exists as acceleration 9.81m/s², and the potential renewable energy is equal to mass x gravity x column height (mgh in Joules).
Hydro Kinetic Storage Generator
The New Smart Distributed Renewable Power System (DRPS)
Autonomous plant to supply green power, green hydrogen and clean water
Let us introduce ourselves
Innovation has always been a part of an engineer’s culture. Throughout the years, they’ve built a reputation of challenging convention.
Where a solution didn’t previously exist, they’ve created one, they are the pioneer’s in opening new frontiers for such fields as the renewable energy industry.
In this instance, HyGen’s peer-reviewer always considered wise countenancing for our new technology. They held respect for our competence and proprietary knowledge, and trusted that we will always drive true innovation and in turn the industry forward.
We at HyGen have always responded to the complex challenges faced including but not limited to the provisions of low cost reliable supply electricity and clean water on 24 hours per day and 7 days a week by technology sharing and transfer; power transmission loss and distributed power systems/smart grids; renewable hydrogen gas (RH2G) at less than $2/Kg for cars, trucks and sea transports; new clean propulsion engine for super long-range container ships; our vertical-space integrated aqua-phonic organic farming; macro socio circular economic developments; and reduction carbon footprint across major industries; and the stern endeavors to care and protect mother Earth. Some of our most ground breaking technologies including low emission fluid-bed combustion reactor, liquefaction and hydrogenation for coal fuels have been internationally commercialized for more than a decade and are still set industry standards.
As early adopters of the carbon footprint reduction and energy efficiency revolution, our own proprietary renewable technology transformation has made us proactive rather than reactive, allowing us to deliver greater economic efficiency in a manner that is sustainable and mitigates risk more effectively.
UNDER BUILD OWN AND OPERATE (“BOO”) AS AN INDEPENDENT POWER PRODUCER (“IPP”) ARRANGEMENT ONLY.
STORAGE GENERATOR SOLUTION
The solar energy is stored in the Secondary-Storage system is for kinetic-energy from the first hydro-static potential
energy conversion, in the arrays of flywheels in the arrays of flywheels (“electromechanical battery”). The solar energy is also stored in a small battery bank to operate control and actuator devices. The Primary-Storage system contained in a Tower filled with proprietary-liquid as hydrostatic potential renewable energy (“gravitational battery”).
The innovative unique process patented Energy-Storage systems are equipped with also patented advanced hydro-pneumatic and hydro-mechanical engineering machineries that are contemporaneously actuated on active and reactive disruptive works in a closed-cycle. Thereby exists is a unique super-critical compression-phase in the continuous conversion, transformation, equilibration and reformation (“CTER” technology) of direct and reverse hydrostatic potential energy that transformation process results in high inertia fluid flows to turns a turbine and a generator to produce electricity. The solar energy stored in flywheels applied on stalling/stoic-cycles, referred to as delta stalling energy (“DSE”) on recovery-cycles. HyGen STG technology is an autonomous integrated Energy Storage and Electricity Generator as the Smart Distributed Renewable Power System (“DRPS”) that can also be coupled to produce hydrogen gas and clean water have received granted patents from 85 global economy countries.
HyGen STG Technology and Perspectives
Where is the energy from?
from mass and gravity storages as energy input in the form of gravitational force and gravitational kinetic energy (EI). As long as gravity exists and mass is retained in a closed cycle then the storages is reformable and non-depletive.
What are the losses in the process cycle?
there are 46% losses from the total energy input (EI) by numerous conversions and transformations.
So how much energy can be extracted from the process cycle and how?
about 50% can be extracted as mechanical advantage, less additional 15% in generator efficiency for conversion into electricity.
How is this extracted ?
the process cycle contains numerous energy conversions and transformations that is an augmented-process; unlike coal, gas and hydro etc in their open-cycle has only one conversion in an exhaustive-process into heat, mechanical and kinetic energy respectively.
So what does the process ‘close cycle’ mean and how is it done?
it means contemporaneous coherent energy processes attained by disruptive cyclic steps. As the world’s first in this technology which has been developed over two and half decades, we accept the natural process for the audience to understand this technology and the specific emphasis on numerous new mechanical devices of which 85% of the parts and assemblies are non-existent to date. Therefore, naturally the lengthy period of time required for those to be developed.
What is the cost advantage for this technology?
firstly, each 1MW only requires 400m2 of footprint area and is able to produce 23 MWh per day regardless of weather or climate. The Capex is approximately USD3.5 million per 1MW or USD0.40 cent/kWh. The Operational cost is USD0.025 cent/kWh. FYI the LCOE as a key investment criteria for solar or wind are generally the 90% key performance inputs and are based on assumptions. This is not applicable to HyGen as it is 24/7 operation regardless of weather or climate.
So where is the operating plant?
there are 5 units in Australia, Malaysia and Bali, from prototypes, working demo plant and an operating commercial utility pilot in Bali completed in Sept 2021. Current commercial plant deployments are 10MW each in Sabah Malaysia and Bali Indonesia; 3x1MW in Vienna Austria.
Where is the equipment fabricated?
most of the energy equipment is fabricated in Europe and thus the plant complies with the EU CE certifications and standards.
How long to build the plant?
for the first 1MW it is 7 months from site commencement and thereafter 10MW or more per 3 months online progressively. Should fabrication capacity increase, so will the delivery of plant capacity
Does the plant need to be near a water source like a river?
no as it requires only one fill of the water-based silicone liquid that is stable and good for 15 years or more. HyGen is an independent autonomous distributed power system. This means the plant can be installed almost anywhere there is a power demand and thus ideal as remote EV charging pods and Green H2 refueling stations.
So how is the potable water produced?
The HyGen special desalination unit can be installed within the power plant building to produce potable water from seawater, river or other source, as well as the installation of an hydrolysis unit to produce green hydrogen for mobility.
How is the plant operated?
HyGen will train local community personnel to operate and maintain the plant. The plant can be operated remotely, which means 6 plants within a region can be operated by one technical operator supported by a standby 2-3 technical personnel for that region.
What happens if there is a spillage from the plant site?
the plant does not use any flammable liquids nor chemical substances and the siliconized liquid used is inert and non-toxic to animals gardens or stormwater or sea.
So what about the radiations and noise from the plant?
the plant noise level to the front gate shall be no greater than 65dBa. The plant does not emit EMF radiation or static interference, nor harmful emission of any kinds.
Is the technology perpetual motion?
it is not a perpetual motion as E input=E output + Es from somewhere; but it is perpetual gravitational kinetic energy as mass in gravity of 9.81m/s² (Newton of Force). Therefore, if you believe gravity always exists, so is the gravitational force and gravitational kinetic energy by disruptive steps and also the reformation of liquid mass in storage as a reformable non depletive system.
Has the technology been granted a patent anywhere?
yes there are 5 family patents portfolio as granted in 83 countries. Latest additional patent portfolio was filed in London, UK on the 19th January 2023 for international protections. There are also 5 separate patents for the new mechanical devices to operate the HyGen machine that also have significant enormous global applications.
What is the Patents Title?
the patents are Titled with a Prefix as “Hydrodynamic Energy” under the name of James Kwok which have been officially published by the World Intellectual Properties Organization (WIPO) in Geneva; and granted patents published by the Patents Registry of the United States of America.
What experience does the inventor have?
the inventor is Australian of Indonesian born. The inventors academic status was attained in UTS Australia and is a Chartered Professional Mechanical Engineer (CPEng) and is the Fellow of the Institution of Engineers Australia (FIEAust), and Doctor of Engineering (DEng-AIU) in power system. Currently as an adjunct professor in various campus and on the selected qualification panels who grants Chartered Professional Status at the Institution of Professional Engineers Australia for well experienced engineers. The inventor had been the long standing senior partner in CMPS&F, then the largest consulting engineers in Australia who have designed and managed mega projects including pulp and paper, cement, pharmaceutical, coal plant, coal liquefaction and gasification, fertiliser and DME, TEOR oil and gas, toll roads and bridges, high rise buildings, also held the granted global patents for fluid bed combustion reactor (FBCR) technology that have been industrially well commercialised and recognised as the state of the art technology for low emission coal fired and WTE plant. The inventor also awarded with Australia’s first Renewable Energy Certificates (REC) and held Generation and Transmission Licenses for all states and territories in Australia.
What is the business model for the technology?
with the technology’s local partners the consortium will build own and operate (BOO) power plants and sell electricity to consumers and local power authorities.
Has the Bali plant and the Technology been verified?
yes the Bali plant continuous operations had been validated and verified by the independent experts to ISO and SGS compliances; and for the Technology had also been well verified by various qualified and respected International Journals of Sciences and Technologies as well as by various professionally relevant academia.
What are the benefits of HyGen STG plant to solar, wind and pumped hydro?
as the only independent autonomous distributed power system technology available HyGen STG plants can be installed almost everywhere unaffected by weather or climate; as a continuous electricity for communities in remote areas, data centers, commerce/industries, desalination plants, autonomous EV charging and Hydrogen fuelling stations; and for the cities’ major loads system, thereby main power losses due to high-transmission is avoided. Further, the sharing on the localized fabrication and manufacturing for plant and equipment supported by the technology transfers means developments for new industries and manufacturing in the manner that yields positive developments towards the country’s macro socio circular economy and ecological sustainability as critically essential to achieving net-zero carbon aspirations.
What is the HyGen STG stands for?
It represents the name for the plant as Hydrokinetic Energy Storage Generator.
PRE-COMMERCIAL UTILITY PLANT 100kW BALI-INDONESIA
We have collaborated with specialized manufacturers , tool makers and fabricators internationally for the provisions of licensing manufacturing capacity build ups in various countries at the projects locations.These tasks are ongoing and some have considered this path to be the new engines for growth in the green economy future, today.
HIPPO GREEN ENERGY BOND
We have collaborated with various legal funds management and underwriters internationally for
the provisions of future securitizing power purchase agreement (“PPA”) to deliver affordable and reliable electricity,
hydrogen and clean water.
Also separately securitized carbon reduction units (“CRUs”) to deliver electricity and clean water for
many hundreds of millions of people without lights and clean water in very vast areas across continents as the best outcomes
for mitigations and adaptations initiatives under the UNFCCC. These people lives matter.